Faculty of Education and Humanities
Department of English Language and Literature

Code Name Level Year Semester
ELT 438 Language and its Structure: Syntax Undergraduate 4 Spring
Status Number of ECTS Credits Class Hours Per Week Total Hours Per Semester Language
Compulsory 6 2 + 2 150 English

Instructor Assistant Coordinator
Amna Brdarević-Čeljo, Assist. Prof. Dr. Amna Brdarević-Čeljo, Assist. Prof. Dr.
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ELT 438 focuses on the English simple sentence, its constituents and word order, on internal structure of complex noun phrases, on function and form of adverbials, and on verbs and their complementation. The course will also include a survey of several types of complex sentence aiming at a good understanding of their structure. Students will have regular homework assignments.

ELT 438 is aimed at giving a coherent and systematic survey of the structure of English sentences. The goal is to become familiar with core facts of English syntax, as well as with basic tools of immediate constituent analysis. A solid knowledge of the sentence structure of language expressions also helps developing students\\' fluency and comprehension ability. A student who successfully completes this course should have useful teaching skills in these areas: the ability to explain in plain language the internal relationships between the constituents of an English sentence, a broad familiarity with the main terminology used in various types of syntactic relations. Certain mechanical skills in syntax require practice: analysis of sentence structure, immediate constituent analysis, identifying sentence elements (functions), testing structure and argumentation. The only way to really understand syntactic theory and description is to use it and to do it.

  1. The simple sentence elements functions (ch 10 p.204-208)
  2. Categories and functions Immediate constituent analysis (Q&G: NP s.17.1; AP/AdvP s.7.1, 7.7-9, 7.27, 7.31-7; PP s.9.1-3, 9.16)
  3. The syntax of adverbials. Chapter 8 (pp. 157-187)
  4. The syntax of adverbials – continued Immediate constituent analysis (simple sentence)
  5. Complex sentences: Chapter 14.1-10, p. 283-291. Immediate constituent analysis
  6. Complex sentences: Chapter 15.1-12, p. 304-313. Nominal clauses. Immediate constituent analysis
  7. Complex sentences: Adverbial clauses (15.13-35 p. 314-328) Revision for midterm.
  8. Midterm
  9. The verb and its complementation Chapter 16: Phrasal and prepositional verbs (16.1-10) Intransitive and linking verbs (16.11-13); Adjectives with complements: 16.38-41 (p. 359-62).
  10. Monotransitive complementation: 16.14-20, 22, 23; (skip 16.21!)
  11. Complex transitive complementation 16.24-25; 16.27-30; Clausal reanalysis of Q&G: SVO instead of SVOC
  12. Ditransitive complementation: 16.31-36.
  13. The complex NP Chapter 17.1-2; Postmodification by clauses and PP 17.8-21.
  14. The complex NP – continued Premodification: AP, NP (17.28-35; 17.40-43)
  15. Revision and summary.

    1. Introduction. Subject, Object, Complements, Adverbials. Immediate constituent analysis: basics. HW1 assignment.
    2. HW1 check. Simple sentence Immediate constituent analysis practice. HW2 assignment.
    3. Week 2 revision, hw2 check. HW3 assignment
    4. Week 3 revision, adverbials. HW3 check. HW4 assignment
    5. Week 4 revision (disjuncts, conjuncts), immediate constituent analysis, hw4 check. HW5 assignment.
    6. Main structural classes of subordinate clauses. Practice of ICA. hw5 check. HW6 assignment.
    7. Nominal clauses: properties and structure. Practice of ICA.hw6 check. HW7 assignment.
    8. Midterm
    9. Hw7 check. Hw8 assignment. Immediate constituent analysis (verb types week 9, examples from Quirk and Greenbaum)
    10. Practice week 9. Adjectival complements - immediate constituent analysis. Hw8 check. HW 9 assignment.
    11. Revision of monotransitive complementation. Practice of immediate constituent analysis. Hw9 check. HW 10 assignment.
    12. Complex transitive verbs - revision and immediate constituent analysis. Hw10 check. HW 11 assignment.
    13. Ditransitive complementation - revision and immediate constituent analysis. Hh11 check. HW 12 assignment.
    14. Complex NP - posmodifiers. Immediate constituent analysis. Hw12 check. HW 13 assignment.
    15. Complex NP - premodifiers, immediate constituent analysis. Revision. HW 13 check.

    • Interactive Lectures
    • Discussions and group work
    • Problem solving
    • Assignments
    Description (%)
    Method Quantity Percentage (%)
    Midterm Exam(s)130
    Total: 50
    Learning outcomes
      • Randolph Quirk and Sidney Greenbaum (1990). A Student\\'s Grammar of the English Language. Longman.

      ECTS (Allocated based on student) WORKLOAD
      Activities Quantity Duration (Hour) Total Work Load
      Lecture (14 weeks x Lecture hours per week)14228
      Laboratory / Practice (14 weeks x Laboratory/Practice hours per week)14228
      Midterm Examination (1 week)133
      Final Examination(1 week)133
      Preparation for Midterm Examination12525
      Preparation for Final Examination14545
      Assignment / Homework/ Project11818
      Seminar / Presentation 0
      Total Workload: 150
      ECTS Credit (Total workload/25): 6