Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Department of Architecture

Code Name Level Year Semester
ARC 257 Steel Structures Undergraduate 2 Spring
Status Number of ECTS Credits Class Hours Per Week Total Hours Per Semester Language
Compulsory 5 2 + 2 104 English

Instructor Assistant Coordinator
Sanin Džidić, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Omar Kapetanovic Sanin Džidić, Assoc. Prof. Dr. no email

This course aims to introduce the students to aplication of steel as structural material for structures and behaviour of steel structures. Students will be introduced with design process, from load analysis to providing cross-section for each structural element. Understanding different types of steel structural element, the way of transfering the loads, connection between same and different cross-section types and elements. Effects of fire and corrosion on steel elements.

• Understanding the behaviour of steel structures.
• Learn different types of structural systems made by steel.
• Analyzing and designing individual structural elements (beams, trusses, frames).
• Analyzing and designing structural steel joints and connections.
• Drawing different types of the steel connections

  1. Introduction: Advantages of steel construction; Opportunity for architectural expression; Holistic approach; Scale and ornament; Steel ‘kit of parts’; Tubular steelwork
  2. Introduction to expressed structural form: Expression of bracing; Arched and curved structures; Tension structures; Fabricated members; Structure/envelope relationship
  3. Frame design: The frame as the basic unit of construction; Exposing the frame; Braced versus rigid frames; Portal-frame structures; Expressing the connections; Alternative forms of bracing
  4. Types of beams, columns and trusses: Beams; Long-span beams; Curved beams; Columns; Trusses and lattice girders
  5. Connections between I-sections: Introduction to connections; Benefits of standardization; Industry-standard connections; Beam to column connections; Beam to beam connections; Column splices; Column bases; Connections in trusses; Bracing and tie-members
  6. Connections between tubular sections: Preparation of members; Bolted and pinned connections; Welded flange or end-plates and bolted connections; In-line connections; Welded nodes to columns and masts; Pinned connections to tubular sections; Welded tube to tube connections; Connections in trusses and lattice construction; Beam to column connections in tubular construction; Special bolted connections to SHS and RHS
  7. Tension structures: Design opportunities for tension structures; Different forms of tension attachments; Fabric supported structures; Adjustments; Tie rod or cable connections; Tension structures using tubular members
  9. Space frames: Advantages and disadvantages of space grids; Common forms of space grids; Support locations; Span/depth ratios; Commercially available systems
  10. Glazing interface details: Architecture; Interfaces; Tolerances; Support structures; Use of tubular members in glazing systems

  1. Steelwork penetrations of the external envelope: Waterproofing; Cold bridging
  2. Technical characteristics of steel: Specification for structural steel; Design standards; Manufacturing methods for hot-rolled steel sections; Stainless steel; Weathering steels; Use of cast steel
  3. Corrosion protection: Internal steelwork; Protective treatment specification; Surface preparation; Type of protection to be used; Method and location of application; Protection of connections; Detailing of exposed steelwork to reduce corrosion; Contact with other materials.
  4. Fire protection: Forms of fire protection; Sprayed and board protection; Intumescent coatings; Partial encasement by concrete; Concrete filling of tubular sections; Water filling of tubular sections; Fire protection by enclosure; Fire engineering; External steelwork
  5. Final exam preparations

  1. Steel Section Profiles, Drawings and Details
  2. Load Analysis, Design Procedure, Load Combinations
  3. Tension Members
  4. Beam Analysis – Designing of Beams, Lateral Buckling
  5. Compression Members – Columns and Struts
  6. Compression Members – Columns and Struts
  7. Mid-term Examination
  8. Designing of Frames, Arches
  9. Designing of Frames, Arches
  10. Trusses, Calculation of Internal forces, Designing of Cross-section
  11. Trusses, Calculation of Internal forces, Designing of Cross-section
  12. Structural Joints
  13. Connections between I-Shape cross-sections and tubular cross-sections
  14. Designing of bolts and welds
  15. Final exam preparations

  • Interactive Lectures
  • Practical Sessions
  • Presentation
  • Assignments
Description (%)
Method Quantity Percentage (%)
Midterm Exam(s)125
Final Exam140
Total: 100
Learning outcomes
  • Understanding of the behaviour of steel as construction material.
  • Understanding the behaviour of steel structures including load transfer.
  • Application of different types of structural systems made by steel.
  • 1. Trebilcock P., Lawson M.: Architectural Design in Steel, Taylor & Francis, 2004.
  • 2. Williams A.: Steel Structures Design ASD/LFRD, International Code Council, 2012.

ECTS (Allocated based on student) WORKLOAD
Activities Quantity Duration (Hour) Total Work Load
Lecture (14 weeks x Lecture hours per week)14228
Laboratory / Practice (14 weeks x Laboratory/Practice hours per week)14228
Midterm Examination (1 week)122
Final Examination(1 week)122
Preparation for Midterm Examination11010
Preparation for Final Examination11010
Assignment / Homework/ Project21224
Seminar / Presentation 0
Total Workload: 104
ECTS Credit (Total workload/25): 4