Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Department of Architecture

Code Name Level Year Semester
ARC 101 Basic Design Undergraduate 1 Spring
Status Number of ECTS Credits Class Hours Per Week Total Hours Per Semester Language
Area Elective 6 2 + 4 159 English

Instructor Assistant Coordinator
Emina Zejnilović, Assist. Prof. Dr. Emina Zejnilovic Emina Zejnilović, Assist. Prof. Dr.
[email protected] [email protected] no email

This course is a foundation course for all students of Department of Architecture. It deals with basic principles of design, which are communicated to students through theory conveyed into 2D and 3D abstract exercises. Topics refer to fundamental design principles and elements simulating architectural problems which enable students to think and resolve simple functional requirements as well as form-function relationship, learning and understanding design process. Focus is on developing and enhancing mental and manual skills of students, creativity and critical thinking.

• Introduce students with basic design principles and formal elements of design.
• Provide information about the importance, logic and purpose of basic formal and conceptual factors influencing architectural design.
• Exercise translation of abstract projects requirements into design composition with a relevant and logical concept reflecting design thought.
• Explore mediums and skills of graphical and model architectural language and communication.
• Equip students with fundamental mental and manual skills to enable them to convey conceptual idea into abstract 2 and 3 dimensional composition.
• Develop awareness of students about the studio culture in design education and architects role in design process.

  1. Introduction ( Syllabus review; course content, requirements, equipment, policies; teaching methods)
  2. Introduction to Color and Color Schemes
  3. Color mixing and Color Harmony
  4. Primary Elements - Order/ Line/ Point/ Plain Introduction to 2D composition – First Discussion
  5. Development of 2D Composition – Order/ Basic Shapes / Spatial Relationship / Design Principles:Proportion/Scale/ Balance & Symmetry/ ORGANIZATION / Revision and Group Discussion
  6. Development of 2D Composition – Spatial Organization/ Design Principles: Repetition/Rhythm/Hierarchy/Progression/ ORGANIZATION Revision and Group Discussion
  7. Introduction to 3D Composition – Volume/Geometry - Revision and Group Discussion
  8. Development of 3D Composition – Configuration Patterns - Revision and Group Discussion
  9. Development of 3D Composition – Resume - Applying Design Principles to Abstract 3D model
  10. Final Project Development – Introduction to Function, Function – Form Relationship, Color
  11. Final Project Development – continuation
  12. Final Project Development - Circulation, Human Scale
  13. Final Project Development –Drawings of the model views


    • Practical Sessions
    • Excersises
    • Presentation
    • Discussions and group work
    Description (%)
    Method Quantity Percentage (%)
    Midterm Exam(s)20
    Class Deliverables20
    Final Exam140
    Total: 100
    Learning outcomes
    • 1. Identify and understand basic design principles and elements (color, proportion, scale, symmetry, rhythm, repetition, hierarchy, focal point, etc.)
    • 2. Demonstrate an understanding of architectural concept and approaches in simple design problems with limited number of variables.
    • 3. Develop fundamental design presentation techniques (model making, visual communication and presentation)
    • 4. Demonstrate understanding towards individual and group work in architectural studio, practice skills of time management and decision making in the process of architectural design
    • 5. Demonstrate innovativeness and creativity in design, with developed positive critical thinking ability.
    • 6. Develop mindfulness about studio culture in architectural education
    • 7. Understand at a basic level the role of the architect
    • 1. Ambrose, G., & Harris, P. (2010). Basic Design. Lausanne: AVA Publishing SA.
    • 2. Anderson, J. (2011). Basic Architecture - Architectural Design. Lausanne: AVA Publishing.
    • 3. Ching, F. D. (2007). ARCHITECTURE Form, Space, & Order. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    • 4. Clark, R. H., & Pause, M. (1996). Precedents in Architecture. New York: VAN NOSTRAND REINHOLD.
    • 5. Rasmussen, S. E. (1962). Experiencing Architecture. London.
    • 6. Itten (1970), The Elements of Color New York Van Nostrand Reinhold

    ECTS (Allocated based on student) WORKLOAD
    Activities Quantity Duration (Hour) Total Work Load
    Lecture (14 weeks x Lecture hours per week)15230
    Laboratory / Practice (14 weeks x Laboratory/Practice hours per week)15460
    Midterm Examination (1 week)122
    Final Examination(1 week)122
    Preparation for Midterm Examination12020
    Preparation for Final Examination11515
    Assignment / Homework/ Project13030
    Seminar / Presentation 0
    Total Workload: 159
    ECTS Credit (Total workload/25): 6